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french colonial empire

[2] Given France's republican identity at this time, the idea of promoting democracy—even though democratization was very limited in the colonial space—was also a factor in France's imperial project. It was only after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871 and the founding of the Third Republic (1871-1940) that most of France's later colonial possessions were acquired. The main period of French colonial expansion took place after the establishment of the Third Republic in 1870. The French colonial Empire was land controlled by the French from the 17th century to the late 1960s. Almost all former colonies belonged to the "French Community," before this was dissolved during the war in Algeria. The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 17th century onward. However, control was gradually reestablished by Charles de Gaulle. The French made their last major colonial gains after the First World War, when they gained mandates over the former Turkish territories of the Ottoman Empire that make up what is now Syria and Lebanon, as well as most of the former German colonies of Togo and Cameroon. The slaves, led eventually by Toussaint Louverture and then, following his capture by the French in 1801, by Jean-Jacques Dessalines, held their own against French, Spanish, and British opponents, and ultimately achieved independence as Haiti in 1804 (Haiti became the first black republic in the world, much earlier than any of the future African nations). eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_4',167,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_5',167,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_6',167,'0','2'])); The legacy of empire to some degree enables France to pursue an independent foreign policy and to argue for continued permanent member status of the United National Security Council. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, French conquests and territories over the centuries, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=French_colonial_empire&oldid=7183070, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using infobox country with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Published on Feb 6, 2013 Animation showing the rise and fall of France's colonial empire, from 1550 - 2013. He supported French voyages of exploration along the Atlantic coast of North America and in the Canadian interior. This resulted in the Fashoda incident, were an expedition led by Jean-Baptiste Marchand was opposed by forces under Lord Kitchener's command. While the peace treaty saw France's Indian outposts, and the Caribbean islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe restored to France, the competition for influence in India had been won by the British, and North America was entirely lost—most of New France was taken by Britain (also referred to as British North America, except Louisiana, which France ceded to Spain as payment for Spain's late entrance into the war (and as compensation for Britain's annexation of Spanish Florida). Foccart supported in particular the Biafra secession (or Nigerian civil war) during the late 1960s. The Voulet-Chanoine Mission, a military expedition, was sent out from Senegal in 1898, to conquer the Chad Basin and unify all French territories in West Africa. A high-level overview of French and Dutch efforts at early colonization. Across the world, the dominance of the French as a colonial power was only overshadowed by the British. France gives considerable aid to former colonies. But Spain's jealous protection of its American monopoly, and the disruptions caused in France itself by the Wars of Religion in the later sixteenth century, prevented any consistent efforts by France to establish colonies. The French colonial empire began to fall apart during the Second World War, when various parts of their empire were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria, Lebanon, and Madagascar, the U.S. and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, and Germany in Tunisia). These were restored at the Peace of Amiens in 1802, but when war resumed in 1803, the British soon recaptured them. Africans who adopted French culture, including fluent use of the French language and conversion to Christianity, were granted equal French citizenship, including suffrage. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, its global colonial empire was the second largest behind the British Empire. The French colonial empire began to fall during the Second World War, when various parts were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria, Lebanon, and Madagascar, the USA and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, and Germany and Italy in Tunisia). Between the 1920s and 1930s French colonies had an estimated population of about 110 million, half of British India. The first King of France is reputed to be Merovech, a Frankish living in the 5th century. At the close of the Napoleonic Wars, most of France's colonies were restored to it by Britain, notably Guadeloupe and Martinique in the West Indies, French Guiana on the coast of South America, various trading posts in Senegal, the Île Bourbon (Réunion) in the Indian Ocean, and France's tiny Indian possessions. But there was relatively little interest in colonialism in France, which concentrated rather on dominance within Europe, and for most of the history of New France, even Canada was far behind the British North American colonies in both population and economic development. In Asia, Ho Chi Minh's Vietminh declared Vietnam's independence, starting the Franco-Vietnamese War. During the Agadir Crisis in 1911, Britain supported France and Morocco became a French protectorate. First Empire [] See also: Kingdom of France France's colonial history can be divided into two periods. The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the decades before the First World War. 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